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Interview with Dr. Mohammad Ali Rabbani Cultural Counsellor , New Delhi On

Regarding the role of the Persian language in Indo – Iran cultural relations

  Regarding the role of the Persian language in Indo – Iran cultural relations

EXCELLENCY. DR.ALI RABBANI ( IRAN CULTURE COUNSELLOR. DELHI / INDIA)


Question 1): Regarding the role of the Persian language in Indo – Iran cultural relations.
The foundation of relations between the different nations is either commercial or political or cultural. Some countries base their relations with other countries on the basis of trade interests, while some other countries establish ties with other countries on the basis of their political interests.
But throughout the centuries of history of relations between Iran and India, culture has been the main factor and the driving force. Therefore, literature, language and poets as well as mystics have played an important role in the relations between Iran and India.
Another important point is that the literary and linguistic ties between Iran and India date back to many centuries ago and even before the Islamic period. The languages of Persian, Avesta and Sanskrit have influenced each other. Several Sanskrit texts were translated to the Persian and the Pahalvi languages and vice versa several centuries before the advent of the Islamic period. The great Iranian poets and writers like Ferdowsi were influenced by these intellectual and literary interactions between Iran and India.
This interaction increased especially in the post-Islamic period and the eight centuries of close cultural ties that existed between Iran and India, especially in the period of the Gurkanian sultans. The Persian language developed an independent literary style in the Indian subcontinent. Hundreds of distinguished poets like Bedil Dehlavi, Amir Khusro, and Ghalib produced outstanding works and became the source of many services for the development and spread of the Persian poetry and literature in the world.

As we see today, the main legacy of the historical interactions between Iran and India is related to the works of the Iranian or Indian Persian poets and mystics living in India.
In the different parts of India and the libraries of this country we find thousands of manuscripts from the literary heritage of the great Persian language Iranian and Indian poets which are considered to be the part of the culture and civilization of India.
During the previous centuries, India by benefiting from the spiritual, literary and moral capacities of the Persian poetry benefitted in its cultural and civilizational progress and development and also became a source of the growth and expansion of the Persian language.
Indian style of the Persian language is one of the famous literary styles of this language because the great poets such as Bedil Dehlavi and Amir Khosrow and Ghalib who were born in India popularized this style. They were among the first class poets of the Persian language and who rendered great services to the Persian language and left behind the everlasting works.
During the course of history, the Persian has been the court and official language in India. The majority of the Indian society was familiar with this language. The Hindus, the Sikhs and the Muslims were familiar with the Persian language as a language of science, culture, gnosticism and moral teachings.
For a long time, the Persian language was taught in the Muslim schools in India and books such as Gulistan and Bostan of Saadi were included in the syllabus of these schools. And this is a matter of great honor. However, this strong link in the interactions between Iran and India is still going on in India today and has many enthusiasts because the Persian language due to its moral, mystical and spiritual content has been able to make an important contribution to the promotion of knowledge, moral values and the friendly relations between the two great nations of Iran and India.

When we talk about the Persian language in India, we do not think that it is a foreign language that belongs to Iran. When we talk about the Persian language in India, we do not think that we are speaking about a language that belongs to another country like Iran, because Persian language in India is an integral part of the culture, civilization and history of eight hundred years of India. This language has long been associated with the Hindu, the Sikh, the Muslim religions and all other ethnic communities in India. It has given to the world great poets as well as eminent mystics.
Therefore, the Persian language in India is an undeniable and unforgettable part of the Indian heritage. The Persian language in India means millions of manuscripts, the world-renowned poets like Bedil, and millions of people who still preserve and use the poetry of Maulana, Saadi, and Hafez.
Therefore, even today, when India is marching on the road of political, economic and cultural development, it cannot ignore its past and the Persian language is part of the background and history and civilization of India.
Moreover, India in developing its regional interactions and role needs to preserve a common heritage, including the Persian language which is a link between India and Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as the other parts of Central Asia.
Therefore, I believe that the Persian language even today, as in the past, can be a source of many services for the Indian society. The Persian language can also play an important role in maintaining the spread of the authentic traditions, culture as well as the religious and the cultural values of India. Because knowing the poetry of the poets like Rumi, Saadi, Hafez, and Bedil helps an Indian to know more about his own cultural values.
Question No. 2: Please elaborate about the different religions in Iran.
Iran has long been the cradle of various civilizations and religions. As India is unique in the world in terms of cultural and religious diversity, in Iran also this diversity has existed for a long time. In Iran most ethnic groups, both Muslim and non-Muslim, have lived together for centuries.
Today, it may be interesting to know that there are representatives of the Zoroastrian and the Jewish minorities in the Iranian Parliament, whose population is less than one percent. This is because of the respect we have had for religions for a long time. And, of course, in Iran there are the Christians, the Jews, the Zoroastrians, the Yazidis, as well as the ancient tribes. The Shia Muslims and the Sunni Muslims are living side by side with them in peace and brotherhood.
The growth and development of the country is always due to peace and unity. This historical experience reminds us that all people and religions, whether Muslim, non-Muslim, Sunni or Shia, must live together in peace and friendship.
In India, Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs have lived together in peace for centuries. The progress and the cultural and civilizational development of India as well as Iran is, in greater part, due to this peaceful co-existence of various religions and cultures.
Question No.3: What is the status of women in Iran?
The issue of women in Iran is important in several ways. About this issue, there is a religious point of view. The view of Islam towards women has always been based on respect and justice because she plays an important role in formation as well as progress and development of the society.
In the Iranian culture also, women have always enjoyed positive status and position. We have no record of a negative view about women in the history of Iran, both before and after Islam. Women have always enjoyed an important status.
After the Islamic Revolution, this status was modified and even became better. Our constitution as well as our leaders have always emphasized that women are the basis of the development in the country. A woman raises a family and forms the society. She plays an important role.

It is important to note that especially after the Islamic Revolution the women played a more effective role in social activities particularly in the political and educational spheres. It may be interesting to note that more than 60% of the students who are admitted to the Iranian universities annually are female.
. In the fields of medicine and engineering and other various other scientific and social fields, women enjoy a profound presence. This happened after the Islamic Revolution and is part of the performance of the Islamic Revolution during the last forty years.
What is being said about women in the West today may not be very relevant to the cultural atmosphere of the Asian countries, including India and Iran. We emphasize the principle of justice between men and women based on their needs and circumstances, and we consider women as the center of the institution of the family.
We believe that woman while having natural differences with the man, should have a proper role and share in the society.

The issue of women status in Iran and India can be a common area of cooperation and interaction between the two countries. In India also valuable experiences are available in the field of women and women play a key role in the economic and social development of the Indian society. In Iran, there are many opportunities of scientific and cultural cooperation between Iran and India.
The cultural and social affinities and similarities between Iran and India are numerous. They enjoy the capacity and opportunity for cooperation in such issues more than other country and nation.
We have more than 8 centuries of experience in this cooperation and these collaborations and interactions have always been a source of good. Therefore, today also the two nations of Iran and India have positive memories and mentality about each other, which is a great asset for cultural cooperation. I hope that this historical experience will help us to have a clearer vision of our future for such cooperation.

 


09:07 - 11/01/2021    /    Number : 763257    /    Show Count : 49



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